Copyright is extended to creators of ;
1. Literary works,
2. Musical and sound recordings with or without words
3. Dramatic works
4. Pantomimes & Choreographic works
5. Pictorial, graphic, sculptural and architectural works
The copyright holders have the
- the right to reproduce (copy) the work into copies
- the right to create derivative works of the original work,
- the right to distribute copies of the work to the public by sale, lease, or rental,
- the right to perform the work publicly (if the work is a literary, musical, dramatic, choreographic, pantomime, motion picture, or other audiovisual work), and
- the right to display the work publicly (if the work is a literary, musical, dramatic, choreographic, pantomime, pictorial, graphic, sculptural, motion picture, or other audiovisual work)
The fair use doctrine of a copyrighted work is not copyright infringement. Fair use explicitly applies use of copyrighted work for criticism, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research purposes, the defense is not limited to these areas. The Act gives four factors to be considered to determine whether a particular use is a fair use. Exercise your critical thinking skills to defend the Fair Use Doctrine. Ask whether the material that you have used is
- Commercial or educational, trans-formative or reproductive
- Is the copyrighted work fictional or factual (the degree of creativity);
- Is it a substantial portion of the original work used; and
- Has your use affected the market sales of the original work.
An Example: A professor would like to scan texts that includes unplublished and published materials including original manuscripts and post to the course website several complete poems from an anthology so that students may examine and critique style development.
Is this fair use of Information texts? Use the 4 reasons to decide if it's fair use
Wikipedia contributors. "Copyright Act of 1976." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 7 Jul. 2015. Web. 21 Sep. 2015.
Yale University Library Electronic Library Initiatives & Information Technology Services, October 2003. Guidelines only, see http://www.library.yale.edu/eli/copyright